Article Number: PRJA20154866


Vol. 1 Issue 5, pp: (108-114), August 2016.
Article Number: PRJA20154866
Copyright ©2016
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Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of water quality of Lake Bosomtwe for recreational purposes

Kwabena Abrefa Nketia1*, Eric Asamoah1, Adams Sadick2,  Daniel Asenso-Gyambibi3, and Eric Kwabena Forkuo4

1Soil Genesis, Survey and Evaluation Division, CSIR-Soil Research Institute, Kumasi, Ghana.

2 Soil Chemistry and Mineralogy Division, CSIR-Soil Research Institute, Kumasi, Ghana.

3 Structures, Design & Planning Division; CSIR – Building and Road Research Institute, P.O. Box UP 40, Kumasi, Ghana.

4 Department of Geomatic Engineering, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.

*Corresponding Author. Email: kanj241@gmail.com

 Received: February 29, 2016  Accepted: July 27, 2016  Published: July 29, 2016

ABSTRACT

Lake Bosomtwe is a freshwater body located in the Ashanti region of Ghana. The lake is the habitat for large number of aquatic species and serves a great deal of recreation and tourism activities. Therefore, assessment of water quality and health of the lake is vital for its utilization, conservation and management. Water samples were collected from ten (10) different locations  in the lake, processed and analyzed for water quality parameters: Temperature, electrical conductivity, pH, Na, Ca, mg, K, Zn, Cu, Alkalinity, Cl, NH4+, NO3, PO43-, SO42-, Hardness, DO, BOD, Total coliform, Faecal coliform and E. coli. The average values of the parameters above were: 32.5OC, 1281.8µs/cm, 8.85, 254mg/l, 2.95mg/l, 11.86mg/l, 42.71mg/l, 0.09mg/l, 0.04mg/l, 439.30mg/l, 94.86mg/l, 16.00mg/l, 0.73mg/l, 0.79mg/l, 5.57mg/l, 20.37mg/l, 7.27mg/l, 2.93mg/l, 3.50colonies/100ml, 2.90colonies/100ml and 3.80colonies/100ml respectively. The results showed that the water from the lake fell within the WHO guidelines for good recreational water except pH and alkalinity. It is therefore recommended that appropriate measures need to be taken to monitor these parameters to ensure sustainable use of the water resource as a recreation facility.

Key words: Heavy metal, Lake, Bedrock, Concentration, Coliform group.